MHL Partner Wellcome Library Announces Institutions in UK MHL Project


By JLPhillips (Own work) [CC-BY-3.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons

Wellcome Library Reading Room. (JL Phillips, Wikimedia Commons)

The Wellcome Library, an MHL principal contributor, announced in March of 2014 a project designed in partnership with Jisc and Research Libraries UK  and now with support from the Higher Education Funding Council for England that will digitize over 30,000 nineteenth century rare books to form the core of a UK Medical Heritage Library (UK MHL). MHL and UK MHL content will be copied and shared across the two repositories.

Yesterday the Wellcome Library and Jisc announced its collaborators in the ambitious digitization project: UCL (University College London), the University of Leeds, the University of Glasgow, the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, King’s College London, and the University of Bristol along with the libraries of the Royal College of Physicians of London, the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, and the Royal College of Surgeons of England. These libraries join the 22 MHL collaborators from the United States, Canada, and the UK to create an international digital library collaboration comprised of some of the most renowned medical special collections in the world.

The MHL is proud to be associated with the library leaders and organizations who are working to make research resources more accessible and useful to the global scholarly community. 

From the  Wellcome Library press release, courtesy of Holly Story and Simon Chaplin:  

Approximately 15 million pages of printed books and pamphlets from all ten partners will be digitised over a period of two years and will be made freely available to researchers and the public under an open licence. By pooling their collections the partners will create a comprehensive online library. The content will be available on multiple platforms to broaden access, including the Internet Archive, the Wellcome Library, and Jisc Historic Books.

The project’s focus is on books and pamphlets from the 19th century that are on the subject of medicine or its related disciplines. This will include works relating to the medical sciences, consumer health, sport and fitness, as well as different kinds of medical practice, from phrenology to hydrotherapy. Works on food and nutrition will also feature: around 1400 cookery books from the University of Leeds are among those lined up for digitisation. They, along with works from the other partner institutions, will be transported to the Wellcome Library in London where a team from the Internet Archive will undertake the digitisation work. The project will build on the success of the US-based Medical Heritage Library consortium, of which the Wellcome Library is a part, which has already digitised over 50 000 books and pamphlets.

Simon Chaplin, Head of the Wellcome Library, said: “We are pleased that these nine institutions have chosen to add their valuable collections to the Medical Heritage Library. As well as our partners Jisc and Research Libraries UK, we will be working closely with our Academic Advisory Group to produce an online resource that is both a repository for a superb wealth of content and an effective research tool for a broad range of users.”

Peter Findlay, digital portfolio manager, Jisc, said: “We are delighted that the Wellcome Library team has been able to identify such valuable collections, which will be digitised to a high standard, freed from the confines of their original format and made openly available for teaching, learning and research. By working closely with the partner institutions to build the UK Medical Heritage Library, we are converting books into searchable data so that users can explore every aspect of 19th-century medicine and develop new insights into this period of unprecedented medical discovery.”

The UK MHL initiative started in 2013 when the Wellcome Library embarked on a project with the Internet Archive to digitise their collection of 19th-century medical books. The project was extended earlier in 2014 with the support of Jisc and the Higher Education Funding Council for England. It was co-designed with Research Libraries UK and is informed by an Academic Advisory Group to ensure that the best collections are included. 

For the Wellcome Library this forms part of a larger ambition to digitise and make freely available over 50 million pages of historical medical books, archives, manuscripts and journals by 2020.

More at the Wellcome Library website.

Images from the Library


From W.F. Hutchinson’s Under the Southern Cross : a guide to the sanitariums and other charming places in the West Indies and Spanish Main (1891).

New to the MHL!

Have you checked out the latest items added to our collection? Here are a few highlights:

As always, for more from the Medical Heritage Library, please visit our full collection!

A/V from the Library

Click “play” above or follow this link to listen to CBS Evening News: Cronkite WCBS-TV (NY) & CBS TV Network – Tobacco Industry Challenges American Cancer Soc. Study (1970).

As always, for more from the Medical Heritage Library, please visit our full collection!

Images from the Library


From Neuer Leitfaden für den Turn-Unterricht in den Preussischen Volkschulen (1868).

As always, for more from the Medical Heritage Library, please visit our full collection!

Digital Highlights: Analyzing the Tea Leaves — and the Coffee Beans

Modern food packaging regulations did not come from thin air: one of the parent pieces of legislation in the United Kingdom was the Adulteration Act of 1860. Previous to formal legislation on the subject, adulteration of foodstuffs — bread, coffee, tea, cheese, processed meats, alcohol — was a widespread problem. Journalistic investigator Henry Mayhew made food adulteration part of his discussion of London Labour and the London Poor, pointing out that the poor were, in fact, often the most injured by the adulteration of foodstuffs since they could only buy the cheapest supplies which were often the most falsified. In the first volume of his series, Mayhew also comments on the habits of the poorer foodsellers in terms of adding bulk-making materials to what they sold, making them a part of the full cycle of food adulteration in London.

Some adulterants were more or less harmless: watered wine, for example, or used tea leaves dried for resale. Others were quite harmful or even toxic such as the addition of alum or chalk to flour to make it whiter or random dried herbage to tea to make the genuine article stretch farther.

Of course, once the 1860 act was passed, the question became how to establish a baseline: what made for “good” flour or “good” coffee? Clearly it would be the stuff without anything extra added, but what did that look like?

This was a clear opportunity for medical professionals to step forward and inform the public and J.A. Wanklyn, member of the Royal College of Surgeons, took the opening. His Tea, Coffee, and Cocoa: a practical treatise on the analysis of tea, coffee, cocoa, chocolate, mate (Paraguay tea), etc. aims to fill the information gap, providing information for “the use of Public Analysts under the Adulteration Act.” (v)

Flip through the pages of Wanklyn’s analysis below or follow this link to read Tea, Coffee, and Cocoa.

A/V from the Library

Click “play” above or follow this link to watch The Gambian Case (1988).

As always, for more from the Medical Heritage Library, please visit our full collection!

Images from the Library

From John Davenport’s Aphrodisiacs and anti-aphrodisiacs: three essays on the powers of reproduction : with some account of the judicial “congress” as practised in France during the seventeenth century (1869).

As always, for more from the Medical Heritage Library, please visit our full collection!

Digital Highlights: “Concentration”

“We will not complain that we concentrate poorly, but we will proceed to train ourselves to concentrate wonderfully.” (8)

Christian D. Larsen closes his first chapter in the brief (less than a hundred pages) but enthusiastic volume on Concentration with this phrase. As the new semester approaches in the US, learning concentration skills may be on the mind of more than one student preparing to return to the classroom. Larsen’s book will have a familiar ring to anyone who has studied mindfulness meditation or, even more relevantly, “single-pointed” meditation where the student is directed to train his or her attention on a single thing.

A reader of this particular volume — from the Brandeis University Libraries — has annotated it regularly in pencil with heavy underlining, arrows, and marginal commentary: “Do-onething-at-a-time,” reads one comment; “The solution of any problem is locked in that problem,” says another.

Flip through the pages of Concentration below or follow this link to read the full text.

A/V from the Library

Click “play” above or follow this link to watch Bacteria (1927).

As always, for more from the Medical Heritage Library, please visit our full collection!

Images from the Library

From John E. Bowman’s A practical handbook of medical chemistry, illustrated (1855).

As always, for more from the Medical Heritage Library, please visit our full collection!

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